Student Profile: Sharon Foster

Here is the latest installment of ADTSG’s student profiles feature!

These profiles are a way for the ADTSG membership to become acquainted with the next generation of anthropologists of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco.  In this vein, each profile will introduce one graduate or undergraduate student to the group by asking him or her a series of questions related to his/her background and career aspirations in this field.

In this installment, we are profiling Sharon Foster, a Ph.D. student from the University of Calgary.

Why did you choose to study anthropology?

I have an eclectic academic and professional background. My previous degrees are in political science, education and psychology, and I have professional experience as a teacher and therapist. Anthropology lends itself to trans and interdisciplinary work since its goal is the study of life and origin. I am of a mixed cultural background – my heritage is European Settler, Romani, and Shawnee Indian and these backgrounds inform my research. Anthropology’s incorporation of self-reflexivity in research aligns with my research approach based in indigenous methodologies where self-location is ongoing in the research process. In addition, social-cultural anthropology offers a wide field for theory and research on identity and belonging which is essential to understanding how individuals both learn and heal. My research interests involve examining healing from western and Indigenous perspectives and so medical anthropology is the appropriate field.

Why are you interested in alcohol, drugs, and tobacco research?

I am interested Indigenous traditional knowledge and plant medicines.  Our elders tell us that all plants can heal but to develop knowledge of this healing, respectful and reciprocal relationship with these plants is essential. The history of colonization includes the control and governmental possession of sacred plants including tobacco operating through laws and other regulatory practices that prohibited ceremonial use. As a result, relationships between indigenous peoples and their sacred plants were disrupted.  My aim in research is to highlight indigenous perspectives of these plants as our oldest relations on earth and to examine the role of relationality in the healing outcomes of plant medicines.

What are your research plans for studying alcohol, drugs, and tobacco?

My research will involve indigenous healers’ experiences with plant medicines which will likely involve traditional medicines such as tobacco.  Given the limited research on Indigenous Traditional Knowledges (ITKs) and integration into mental health and trauma treatment, my research objective is to explore both western and indigenous healers’ experiences of healing.  My research questions are: What are psychiatrists’ and indigenous elders’ experiences of healing (both plant-based and pharmaceutical-derived) ? What role do indigenous traditional plant medicines play in trauma and/or mental wellness treatment?  By exploring healers’ experience with indigenous plant medicines, my research will generate evidence to inform and identify potential community-based traditional indigenous treatment interventions to redress the mental health gap and enhance indigenous peoples’ health and well-being.

What do you hope to do after you graduate?

I hope to continue to work with indigenous elders and communities to identity community research goals to promote Indigenous plant medicinal knowledge and practices. Through this work, I hope to partner medical professionals with traditional elders to expand common understanding and practices of healing.

If you are an anthropology student and would like to be profiled for the ADTSG website, please contact ADTSG’s Student Liaison, Breanne Casper, at casperb@mail.usf.edu for more information!

CFP – Substance Use, Misuse and Dependence

Call for Papers

PLOS ONE Special Issue: Substance Use, Misuse and Dependence: Prevention and Treatment

This is a call for papers for a special issue for the multidisciplinary, open-access journal PLOS ONE. The guest editors for the special issue include a medical anthropologist (Philippe Bourgois), a medical sociologist (Lindsey Richardson), a researcher in social determinants of health (Hannah Cooper), a psychologist (Carl Hart), and an MD/medical researcher (Daniel Ciccarone). In other words, social scientists are very much encouraged to submit abstracts.  

The editorial team seeks contributions to this Collection that: 1) Assess the impacts of drug use-relevant policies for human health, 2) Evaluate the effectiveness of novel structural prevention and treatment interventions and 3) Identify and measure the contribution of social, structural and environmental conditions to SUD prevention, recovery and relapse. 

The accepted papers will form a PLOS ONE Collection/PLOS Medicine Special Issue, to be published in November 2019. Contributions should be submitted by June 7, 2019.

The journal PLOS ONE is published by the Public Library of Science (PLOS), a non-profit open access publisher and advocacy organization and selects submissions for scientific rigor rather than perceived impact. As an interdisciplinary journal, PLOS ONE is open to all empirical research methods.

 You can find more information here: https://collections.plos.org/s/substance-use.

Postdoctoral Opportunity – Boston Medical Center

Postdoctoral Research Associate Position

Position Description and Responsibilities:

Boston Medical Center is seeking a PhD-level medical anthropologist to serve as a postdoctoral research associate. This individual will work alongside an interdisciplinary research team in BMC’s Clinical Addiction Research and Education Unit on a CDC-funded examination of public health-public safety partnerships for post-overdose outreach throughout the state of Massachusetts. The postdoctoral research associate will be primarily responsible for conducting ethnographic research and targeted qualitative interviews among law enforcement personnel and individuals who may be at risk of overdose. The associate will also be heavily involved in data analysis and dissemination. A research mentor specializing in medical anthropology and ethnographic research among people who use drugs will oversee this position and provide training and support throughout the appointment period.

This is a 12-month appointment with an anticipated start date of June 2019, with a chance for renewal. PhD must be in hand by the time of appointment.

Applicants should have a Class C driver’s license (travel will be reimbursed) OR willingness to travel on public transport.

Qualifications:

Successful candidates will hold a PhD in social science, with preference given to cultural or medical anthropology, and have experience conducting independent qualitative or ethnographic research. Additional training or experience in public health is preferred, as is experience with qualitative analysis software, such as NVivo, Atlas.ti, MaxQDA, or Dedoose. For this project, candidates should possess a critical understanding of qualitative research ethics and be able to maintain the high levels of confidentiality, humility, and decorum necessary for working with vulnerable populations. Candidates with experience recruiting and conducting research among individuals who engage in high-risk substance use are especially encouraged to apply. Successful candidates will have strong written and oral communication skills and be able to work productively to bring research findings to publication in a timely fashion.

To Apply:

Please email a cover letter and resume/CV to Katherine Waye at Katherine.waye@bmc.org. Desired candidates will be requested to submit two references.

Questions regarding applying and benefits can refer to Katherine Waye, Katherine.waye@bmc.org.

Questions regarding the nature of the work can refer to Dr. Jennifer Carroll, jcarroll16@elon.edu.

Drug Panels at 2019 SfAAs

We are just one week away from the 2019 Society for Applied Anthropology annual conference in Portland!

There are several panels, papers, posters, and events about alcohol, drugs, tobacco, and related topics!  Below is a list of presentations and activities that will be of interest to ADTSG members, many of which involve our members.  And don’t forget to come to the ADTSG Business Meeting on Friday, March 22, at 5:30!  All are welcome!

Wednesday, March 20

8:00am – 9:50am (Broadway II)

  • Panel: Anthropological Perspectives on the Impact of Health and Social Systems on People with Addiction

12:00pm – 1:20pm (Broadway II)

  • Panel: Conceptualizing Risk in Opioid Research

12:30pm – 12:45pm (Galleria II)

  • Paper: The Drug Trade, Indigeneity, and Territorial Governance in Eastern Honduras (Presenter: Fernando Galeana)

1:00pm – 1:15pm (Parlor B)

  • Paper: Women’s Activism Against the “War on Drugs” (Presenter: Shaylih Muehlmann)

3:30pm – 5:20pm (Broadway II)

  • Panel: Opioid Addiction Treatment and Policy

5:30pm – 5:45pm (Broadway II)

  • Paper: “Cancer as Protected Status”: Perceptions of Opioid Use and Misuse Within the Context of Cancer Survivorship (Presenters: Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Melody Chavez, Khary Rigg, Barbara Lubrano, and Paige Lake)

6:30pm – 6:45pm (Parlor C)

  • Paper: Quality of Life Officers as Liaisons to Drug Detox and Rehabilitation Centers (Presenters: Allyx Shriver-Rice and Erin Maddux)

Thursday, March 21

8:45am – 9:00am (Senate Suite)

  • Paper: “How Dare They Smile While They’re Sick”: Surveillance, Resistance, and Medical Cannabis Patients in Washington State (Presenter: Misha Laurence)

10:15am – 10:30am (Broadway IV)

  • Paper: Alcohol Use Disorders and Recovery: Young Adults Seeking Help and Support (Presenter: Gemma Hamm)

5:45pm – 6:00pm (Broadway II)

  • Paper: “I’d Say ‘Smoke Some Weed and You’ll Feel Better’”: Stress, Coping, and Cannabis Use in Ulukhaktok, NT (Presenter: Peter Collings)

6:15pm – 6:30pm (Broadway II)

  • Paper: Representational Politics of Drug Use in a Midwest American Indian Community (Presenter: Kehli Henry)

Friday, March 22

8:00am – 9:50am (Council Suite)

  • Panel: Dimensions of the Global and Local Narco-Environments, Part I

8:15am – 8:30am (Pavilion East)

  • Paper: Hustling and Parenting: How Mothers in Recovery Care for Their Families (Presenter: Kelley Kampman)

10:00am – 11:50am (Council Suite)

  • Panel: Dimensions of the Global and Local Narco-Environments, Part II

12:30pm – 12:45pm (Galleria II)

  • Paper: A Qualitative Study of Opioid Users’ Experiences with Naloxone Rescue (Presenters: Linda Kahn, Monika Wozniak, Cheryll Moore, and Robert Granfield)

1:30pm – 4:00pm (Grand Ballroom)

  • Poster: Understanding Emergency Providers’ Attitudes Towards Opioid Use Disorder and Emergency Department-Initiated Buprenorphine Treatment (Presenters: Hurnan Vongsachang, Dana Im, Anita Chary, Anna Condella, Lucas Carlson, Lara Vogel, Alister Martin, Nathan Kunzler, Scott Weiner, and Margaret Samuels-Kalow)

5:30pm – 6:50pm (Parlor B)

  • ADTSG Open Business Meeting

Saturday, March 23

8:30am – 8:45am (Parlor C)

  • Paper: Recruiting Pregnant Opioid Users in the Midwest: Challenges and Future Directions (Presenters: Shelbie Hathaway, James Goebel, and Caitlyn Placek)

8:45am – 9:00am (Parlor C)

  • Paper: Mixed-Methods and Repeated Measures in Substance Use Research: Implications for Informant Accuracy (Presenters: Caitlyn Placek, Vijaya Srinivas, Poornima Jayakrishna, and Purnima Madhivanan)

10:30am – 10:45am (Pavilion West)

  • Paper: Environments of Risk: Men’s Lived Experiences with HIV, Substance Use, and Stigma Syndemics (Presenter: Naciely Cabral)

12:00pm – 12:15pm (Broadway II)

  • Paper: Place and Home among People Living with HIV Who Use Drugs: A Qualitative Study (Presenter: Taylor Fleming)

12:15pm – 12:30pm (Broadway II)

  • Paper: Networks and Normative Influences on Sex and Drug-Related HIV Risk Behavior in Black Women (Presenters: Harold Green, Karla Wagner, Nicole Auldridge, Caitlin O’Leary, Ashley Dawkins, Corinthia Crawford, Ryan Wong, Elvira Diaz, and Jamila Stockman)

12:15pm – 12:30pm (Pavilion East)

  • Paper: Adaptation and Evaluation of a Tobacco Cessation Program in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) (Presenters: Linda Kaljee, Alex Plum, Marija Zdraveska, Deska Dimitrievska, Amanda Holm, Magdalena Pop Trajkova Lazarevska, and Michael Simoff)

1:15pm – 1:30pm (Broadway II)

  • Paper: “We Don’t Discriminate”: Debating Gender-Specific Health Services Programs for Women Who Use Drugs in Ukraine (Presenters: Jill Owczarzak, Sarah Phillips, Alyona Mazhnaya, Olg Filippova, Polina Alpatova, and Tanya Zub)

CFP: Critical Anthropological Perspectives on Addiction Treatment Buzzwords (AAA 2019)

* Call for Papers *
AAA 2019 Annual Meeting
Vancouver, BC, CAN
November 20-24, 2019

Recovering, Rehabilitated, Healthy: Critical Anthropological Perspectives on Addiction Treatment Buzzwords

Organizers:
Aleksandra Bartoszko (VID Specialized University)
Shana Harris (University of Central Florida)

Discussant: TBD

Over the last decade, anthropologists have contributed numerous critical insights to the study of drug and alcohol use.  We have questioned drug and user criminalization, highlighted widespread stigmatization, scrutinized treatment management, and challenged the representation of addiction as a chronic disease.  Our critical work also includes interrogating terms that are “native” to the drug and alcohol field, such as “addiction,” “health,” “recovery,” and “rehabilitation.”  Anthropologists and other scholars have shown the constructed and contingent character of these buzzwords by examining their historical, geographic, moral, and ethical foundations.  Curiously, however, we continue to use these terms in our work, often reproducing the imaginaries we seek to critically address in the first place.  In many studies, anthropologists enmesh the empirical experiences that they observe in the field with the analytical categories they use to understand them.  As a result, what anthropologists and the people we study mean by such terms as addiction, health, recovery, and rehabilitation are often unclear or unquestioned.

This panel explores these issues by critically examining the roles these buzzwords play in anthropological investigations of drug and alcohol use.  In our analyses, how do we use these terms and the concepts they support? How do we contend with their specific histories and sociocultural undertones?  Do we, as anthropologists, accept or resist the related discourses, ideologies, and assertions that circulate within the drug and alcohol field?

We invite ethnographic theoretical papers that scrutinize these terms and the concepts they support; explore their meanings to individuals, institutions, or policies; analyze how they are used, reproduced, or resisted; and discuss their potential for future anthropological inquiry. We are particularly interested in papers that examine how empirical concepts and accounts monopolize or dominate our analytical thinking without us noticing.  Given the large production of scientific research on drugs and alcohol by American scholars, we particularly invite discussion on how the local redefinitions of the treatment concepts play out in other geographical locations in the global north and south.

Please submit an abstract (250 words max.) via email to the panel organizers at aleksandra.bartoszko@vid.no and shana.harris@ucf.edu by MONDAY, MARCH 25, for full consideration. Presenters will be notified of selection by April 1.

CFP: Special Issue of the Journal of Extreme Anthropology – Treating Addictions

* Call for Papers: Special Issue of the Journal of Extreme Anthropology *

“Treating Addictions: On Failures, Harms, and Hopes of Success”

Guest editors:

Aleksandra Bartoszko, VID Specialized University

Paul Christensen, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

Addiction, recovery, and treatment are contested cultural categories shaped by medical dictates, political constraints, and moral economies – from biomedical to religious and popular conceptions of vice and morality, appropriate behavior, and ways of living. This special issue of the Journal of Extreme Anthropology aims to examine how individuals and institutions adapt or resist the concepts of addiction, recovery, and treatment across different ethnographic contexts. The issue will also interrogate addiction treatments as sociocultural institutions that increasingly represent the morally preferred solution to drug use and addiction.

We are inviting contributions exploring questions related to contemporary addiction treatment programs from across the globe and their struggles to maintain authority or achieve their goals. We welcome papers grounded in ethnographic, anthropological, and qualitative social research, focusing on individuals’ engagements with institutional standards and principles, as well as institutional responses to failures. We are particularly interested in papers asking questions such as: How do the treatment programs maintain, deepen, and/or eradicate realities that they purport to address (such as social inequalities, stigma, or overdose)? What are the consequences for individuals struggling to realize institutionally and culturally dictated criteria of success? When and how does treatment cause harm? How do individuals who have been labeled as addicts or patients navigate their daily existence negotiating these categories? Can we imagine any other forms of inclusion of people with addiction than turning them into patients? What is at stake for the different actors involved in private and state treatment and rehabilitation industries?

Articles should be no longer than 8000 words. In addition to full-length papers, we invite alternative contributions such as photo essays, documentaries, or ethno-dramas. Please contact the editors prior to submission to discuss the proposed contribution and format possibilities.

Deadline for final papers: July 30, 2019. Authors are encouraged to contact editors before the deadline with abstract or work in progress.

All submissions should follow the journal style guidelines and be submitted here: https://journals.uio.no/index.php/JEA/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions

For any queries please contact Aleksandra Bartoszko: aleksandra.bartoszko@vid.no

HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute

* ATTENTION EARLY CAREER INVESTIGATORS *

Apply to become a fellow of NIDA-funded HIV & Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute!

Attend two summer training institutes with fully funded travel and lodging between July 8-16, 2019 at Fordham University in New York City:

  • Receive a $20,000 grant to conduct a mentored research study that will contribute to evidence-based HIV & drug abuse research ethics practice
  • Join an international network of scholars examining current challenges in HIV & drug abuse research ethics

Fellows have published their mentored research studies in peer-reviewed journals, presented the data at national and international conferences, and incorporated it as pilot data for grant applications. To see fellows’ accomplishments, please visit: fordham.edu/ethicsinstitute.

HOW AND WHEN TO APPLY
Visit our website fordham.edu/ethicsinstitute for the application form or contact Rimah Jaber at ethicsinst@fordham.edu for more information. Applications are due March 15, 2019, subject to availability of funds. Applicants will be notified of award decisions by April 30, 2019.

CFP: Whiteness and Its Fractures in the Opioid “Crisis” (AAA 2019)

* Call for Papers *
AAA 2019 Annual Meeting
Vancouver, BC, CAN
November 20-24, 2019

Whiteness and Its Fractures in the Opioid “Crisis”

Organizers:
Allison Schlosser (Case Western Reserve University)
Emily Metzner (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign)

Discussant: Helena Hansen (New York University)

Addiction and its treatment are now central concerns in the U.S. and increasingly worldwide due to the recent stark rise in opioid use and overdose death. Attention to opioid addiction, treatment, and overdose prevention has intensified with the emergence of new groups of relatively socially privileged drug users, with particular attention to White middle-class users in suburban communities. In the U.S., analysts have drawn on narratives of opioid addiction as a symptom of social suffering rooted in Post-Industrial economic dislocation among poor and working class Whites to frame the current political climate. Shifts in popular news, social media, and viral video have intensified the circulation of images and discourses on opioid use. The spectacles of suburban White prom queens in recovery, parents overdosing in cars with children present, and “mobile morgues” used to manage the overwhelming number of dead bodies rapidly circulate online. This social, political, and economic context has intensified the moral panic of what is now commonly referred to as the “opioid crisis,” and has troubled fundamental beliefs about “addiction” and “addicts,” but also about whiteness.

Anthropologists have long understood race as culturally constructed. In the last two decades, whiteness studies has emerged as a theoretical and methodological approach to examine whiteness as a discursively constructed social category and psycho-social experience performed in local historical, cultural, political-economic, and relational contexts. As opioid use and related death among broader socioeconomic swaths has intensified moral concern, scholars have analyzed the shifting meanings and consequences of whiteness in relation to the opioid “crisis” (cf. Hansen, 2017; Hansen & Skinner, 2012; Netherland & Hansen, 2016; Mendoza, et al., 2018). Yet, as these scholars emphasize, whiteness is not a monolithic social category but intersects with ethnicity, gender, and class, among other social identities. Additionally, whiteness takes shape in particular local contexts. These complexities render whiteness “fractured” (Levine-Rasky, 2016): rife with internal contradictions further strained by the racialized moral panic of the opioid “crisis.”

Brodkin (2001) calls for increased attention to the “variations, ambivalences, and contradictions within whiteness and alternatives to it” (p. 149). The papers in the panel respond to this challenge, leveraging ethnography to trace the fractures in whiteness in diverse local contexts.
Panelists examine shifting meanings of whiteness in relation to the rise of opioid use among Whites in particular cultural, geographic, and institutional contexts. We examine strategies that uphold and reproduce White privilege in the criminal justice system, healthcare, social services, and recovery communities. We draw particular attention to how whiteness emerges in local contexts of daily life: how it is performed, internalized, incorporated with intersecting social identities, contested, and transgressed. In doing so, we aim to contribute nuanced understandings of whiteness as ineluctably entwined with local contexts, intersecting social identities, intimate relationships, and the stakes of survival in everyday life. We propose that the current “opioid crisis” thus presents a unique opportunity to throw whiteness into “crisis.” By rendering whiteness and its fractures visible, we aim to interrupt it, and to imagine more just
alternatives.

Interested participants are invited to submit a proposed title and 250-word abstract to Allison Schlosser (avs29@case.edu) and Emily Metzner (emilymetzner@gmail.com) by March 11, 2019. Decisions on panel inclusion will be made by March 18, 2019.

References Cited

Brodkin, K. (2001). Comments on “Discourses of Whiteness.” Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 11(1), 147-150.

Hansen, H. (2017). Assisted technologies of social reproduction: Pharmaceutical prosthesis for gender, race, and class in the White opioid “crisis.” Contemporary Drug Problems, 44(4), 321-338.

Hansen, H. & Skinner, M. (2012). From white bullet to black markets and greened medicine: The neuroeconomics and neuroracial politics of opioid pharmaceuticals. Annals of Anthropological Practice 36(1), 167-182.

Levine-Rasky (2016). Whiteness fractured. New York: Routledge.

Mendoza, S., Rivera, A., & Hansen, H. (2018). Re-racialization of addiction and the re-distribution of blame in the white opioid epidemic. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 00(0), 1-21.

Netherland, J. & Hansen, H. (2016). The war on drugs that wasn’t: Wasted whiteness, ‘dirty doctors,’ and race in media coverage of prescription opioid misuse. Culture, Medicine, & Psychiatry 40, 664-686.

Student Profile: Megan Sarmento

Here is the latest installment of ADTSG’s student profiles feature!

These profiles are a way for the ADTSG membership to become acquainted with the next generation of anthropologists of alcohol, drugs, and tobacco.  In this vein, each profile will introduce one graduate or undergraduate student to the group by asking him or her a series of questions related to his/her background and career aspirations in this field.

In this installment, we are profiling Megan Sarmento, a recent B.A. graduate from the University of Central Florida.

Why did you choose to study anthropology?

I was sure that I wanted to study humans at the college level, but I only confidently knew that cultural anthropology was my field once I figured out how it differed from other studies like sociology, psychology, humanities, etc. I chose anthropology because it was the first research area that I felt paid enormous attention to the first-hand experiences and concerns of oppressed peoples. By using ethnographic methods, anthropologists attempt to break down barriers between “Other” cultures and make more connections. The prospect of changing powerful structures in Western society in order to better uphold global human rights is the ultimate reason why I found passion and hope in anthropology. I believe it can help me work to change the world for disadvantaged people who need help challenging deeply-rooted systemic problems.

Why are you interested in alcohol, drugs, and tobacco research?

The dominant abstinence-based approach to drugs and alcohol in the U.S. has resulted in an uninformed and unprepared society who now abuses harmful substances by the millions. Therefore, I passionately believe that research and education on alcohol, drugs, and tobacco is essential in order to prevent devastating harms such as addiction, overdose, incarceration, stigma, etc. Increased research in this field will lead to an increased awareness of potential harms and benefits of many drugs.

What are your research plans for studying alcohol, drugs, and tobacco?

As I advance into graduate studies, I plan to continue examining drug policy reform and social activism as I did in my undergraduate honors research. I am also interested in working with refugees or other vulnerable populations in the urban U.S. who experience substance abuse, and understand their connection to health care access. Ultimately, I aim to combat harmful public policies and suggest opportunities for structural reform that will benefit the lives of those suffering the most.

What do you hope to do after you graduate?

Having just completed my BA, I now hope to attend a graduate program in anthropology next fall. I want to continue my education, gain teaching experience, conduct unique research, and eventually earn a doctorate to become a professor of anthropology.

If you are an anthropology student and would like to be profiled for the ADTSG website, please contact ADTSG’s Student Liaison, Breanne Casper, at casperb@mail.usf.edu for more information!